summary怎么写 如何写一篇优质的summary?

写作摘要的目的,是为了提供原始文章的内容梗概和中心思想。摘要不是对原始文章的重写,所以篇幅不需要也不应该太长。一句话概括总结,写作摘要,即用自己的语言简要描述文献的中心思想及相关细节。Need Help? 找HD代写





3)写作摘要的第一稿。摘要的起始部分要点明原始文章或文献的题目、来源、作者和主旨,(举例: In the feature article “Four Kinds of Reading,” the author, Donald Hall, explains his opinion about different types of reading.)然后不参照笔记,仅凭记忆用自己的语言写出每个部分的主要观点,及分论点。





3)使用总结性的语言进行写作,例如the article claims, the auther suggests.



The essay/passage/author highlights …

The essay/passage/author argues in support of …, stating that …

The essay/passage/author argues that…

The essay/passage/author discusses…

The passage/author compares …

The passage/author outlines …

According to the passage, we know…

This article is mainly about…

The writer states that…

As can be learned from this passage…

The passage says that…

In this passage, the writer mainly tells us about his experience of…


A good assignment summary has three principle requirements.

1 It should be focused on the relevant aspects of the source text or texts. (There may be no need to take information from every section or paragraph of the source texts.)

2 It should present the source material in an accurate fashion.

3 It should condense the source material and be presented in the summary writer’s own words. (Summaries that consist of directly copied portions of the original rarely succeed. Such a summary may suggest that you can find potentially important information, but it does not reveal to what extent you have understood it.)

Steps in writing a summary.

1 Skim the text, noting in your mind the subheadings. If there are o subheadings, try to divide the text into sections.

2 Consider why you have been assigned the text. Determine what type of text you are dealing with, that is, the genre of the source text (e.g. a research paper) or perhaps the organization (problem- solution or general- specific). This can help you identify important information and focus your reading strategies.

3 Read the text, highlighting important information or taking notes.

4 In your own words, write down the main points of each section. Try to write a one- sentence summary of each section.

5 Go through the process again, making changes as appropriate.

Length of a summary.

Sometimes, a one-page summary of an article or a two-page summary of a book.